Our first snapshot looks at the first week of the Election period. SAMbot tracked tweets from Wednesday, May 4, 2022 at 12:00 p.m. ET to Wednesday, May 11, 2022 at 11:59 a.m. ET.

This Snapshot was generated on May 12, 2022. The data presented is accurate at the time of posting, however as the machine learning model is updated, the toxicity measurements presented here may become outdated. Our Ontario Election Snapshot. provides analysis that is consistent across the election period.

SAMbot uses a natural language processing machine learning model. This means that SAMbot is trained and tested on millions of data points so it can understand whether tweets can be considered toxic, harmful, or insulting. Machine learning algorithms are regularly updated as they learn and have access to improved data. Updates to the third-party algorithms SAMbot uses to measure toxicity can lead to slight discrepancies in toxicity measurements across different Snapshots. Our Ontario Election Snapshot analyzes all of the data collected throughout the election period using the same model in order to have consistency in measurement.

133,745 tweets analyzed

From 486 candidates and 14 official party Twitter accounts.

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19,741 tweets identified as likely toxic*

Approximately 1 in 7 tweets were likely to be viewed as insulting, hostile or rude

*Learn more about how SAMbot detects toxicity.

Key Findings

  • May 7th was the most toxic day of the week, featuring 4,063 likely toxic tweets.
  • Premier Doug Ford received the highest volume of toxicity of any candidate, receiving 6,570 toxic comments.
  • Doug Ford received the highest volume of daily toxicity for most of the week, aside from May 7th and 8th when Ontario Liberal Party leader Steven Del Duca instead received the most.
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Toxicity Tracker

Of the 133,745 tweets analyzed:**

  • 3,182 were labelled as containing sexually explicity content
  • 5,029 were labelled as containing identity attacks
  • 9,583 were labelled as containing profanity
  • 10,141 were labelled as containing threats
  • 19,181 were labelled as containing insults

Top 10 candidates that received the most toxicity (by volume)

Doug Ford***

Leader of the PC Party of Ontario, seeking re-election in Etobicoke North, current Premier of Ontario

Received 6,570 likely toxic comments

Steven Del Duca

Leader of the Ontario Liberal Party, candidate for Vaughan—Woodbridge

Received 5,275 likely toxic comments

Andrea Horwath***

Leader of the Ontario NDP, seeking re-election in Hamilton Centre

Received 1,039 likely toxic comments

Steven Lecce***

PC Party of Ontario candidate seeking re-election in King—Vaughan, current Ontario Minister of Education

Received 697 likely toxic comments


Tyler Watt

Ontario Liberal Party candidate for Nepean

Received 388 likely toxic comments

John Fraser***

Ontario Liberal Party candidate seeking re-election in Ottawa South

Received 278 likely toxic comments

Lisa MacLeod***

PC Party of Ontario candidate seeking re-election in Nepean

Received 245 likely toxic comments

Nathan Stall

Ontario Liberal Party candidate for Toronto—St. Paul’s

Received 249 likely toxic comments


Sam Oosterhoff***

PC Party of Ontario candidate seeking re-election in Niagara West, current Parliamentary Assistant to the Minister of Education

Received 174 likely toxic comments

Derek Sloan

Leader of the Ontario Party, candidate for Hastings—Lennox and Addington

Received 136 likely toxic comments

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***was a Member of Provincial Parliament during the 42nd Parliament

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News from the campaign trail

On Monday, May 9, 2022 the Ontario NDP revealed that Nepean PC Party of Ontario candidate Lisa MacLeod had received an extra $44,000 over the last three years in the form of an “MPP allowance”.

On the night of Tuesday, May 10, 2022, it was revealed that Minister of Education and current PC Party of Ontario candidate Stephen Lecce participated in a “slave auction” event during his time as a frat house leader.

Ontario Party leader Derek Sloan had his Twitter account banned from Twitter late this week; on Tuesday, May 10, 2022 the Ontario Party stated that they believe this was because of Mr. Sloan’s recent comments about COVID-19 vaccines.

Due to technical difficulties that may have affected the accuracy of our analysis, we have removed findings from this snapshot related to political parties. You can view the full election report with updated political party data in the Ontario Election Snapshot.

Unless otherwise stated, tweets sent from Wednesday, May 4, 2022 at 12:00 p.m. ET to Wednesday, May 11, 2022 at 11:59 a.m. ET were analyzed in this snapshot.

SAMbot is tracking 486 candidates and 14 official party accounts. Review the full list.

For more detailed methodology, visit our About SAMbot page.